Furniture production requires high-quality equipment, skilled workers and original design. The market of furniture products is saturated, therefore, to promote goods, it is necessary to provide high quality, follow fashion trends.
Features of the production of tables and chairs
The first step in the production of tables and chairs is the selection of a worthy supplier of materials, whose base is located near the production. This will save time and costs for transporting raw materials.
After that, you need to equip a place for storing finished products and materials. Products made from natural wood require a special temperature regime and level of humidity in order to maintain their presentation and functionality. Regular suppliers can provide a discount, flexible terms of payment for orders.
It is advisable to produce tables and chairs to order or offer customers ready-made designs. This will allow you to constantly have a large assortment of finished products for buyers, while working with individual orders.
The production premises at the first stage should be medium in size, dry and well heated. It is better to buy tools for work in the middle price category, and invest the main finances in hiring qualified workers and purchasing high-quality raw materials.
Equipment for the production of tables
Depending on the modification, the selected materials and the required amount of finished products, you need different equipment for woodworking.
- Pantograph is a device for processing complex wooden parts. With its help, a relief is cut out on flat, round and curved parts, processing is carried out with two cutters. Pantograph gives finished tables a finished look, forms decorative elements.
- Grooving machine is designed to create grooves and slots for installing metal spikes that hold table elements together. Similar equipment is used for the manufacture of chairs.
- Tenoning machine is designed for serial production of tables and chairs. The function of the machine is to cut vertical and horizontal rounded tenons on various parts of future furniture.
Most modern machine tools are software controlled, so a large-scale production can be controlled by several workers.
Custom made wooden tables
Custom made natural wood tables are in great demand in the furniture market. The peculiarity of the manufacture of such furniture is the need for additional protection of the wood surface. Tabletops are covered with polymeric materials, or water-repellent impregnation.
Custom-made furniture production begins with the development of a design project, thanks to which unique products can be made from inexpensive wood.
Depending on the purpose, wooden tables are divided into dining, writing, billiard and magazine tables. Combined tables with a combination of wood, glass, polymer materials are in demand on the market.
Wooden furniture is durable, aesthetic, creates a pleasant indoor climate. Moreover, each product lends itself to restoration, minor cosmetic defects can be treated with furniture wax or varnish.
Solid wood tables production
Tables made of fine solid wood belong to the premium price segment, aimed at discerning customers. Production from such wood requires the development of an original design, investment in packaging and a high level of service.
The buyers of such tables are people with high incomes who make informed decisions about the investment of financial resources. Therefore, it is advisable to regularly update the model range, focus on fashion trends.
The basis of such products is finished furniture boards or solid edged boards made of beech, hornbeam, alder, larch, oak or acacia.
The first option is more economical:
- shields need to be cut;
- varnish the details;
- assemble ready-made structures.
The second option involves drying the solid wood. After that, the boards should be transferred to the woodworking machine, then to assembly and varnishing.
Production of oak tables
Solid oak is a classic material for the production of durable tables. The technology involves drying at a certain temperature and humidity level, after which the finished boards are dried for several months, and then transferred to furniture production. Lacquer coating in several layers is a guarantee of a long service life of finished solid oak products.
The initial stage of the production of oak tables is the preparation of a design project and the selection of wood of the required shade and density. Many oak tables combine metal fittings with glass or stone countertops, so choose the shades of each material carefully.
In general, assembling and packing oak tables is similar to working with furniture made of any wood. There are differences at the stage of processing the raw massif and when forming a pricing policy. Oak furniture traditionally belongs to expensive materials, the processing of which is entrusted to the most qualified master cabinetmakers with extensive experience.
Production of metal tables
Tables made of metal are traditionally used in production facilities for packaging, packing, cutting products. Tabletops are finished with polymeric materials, chipboard, glass options are common.
Manufacturers of metal tables use mass production, manufacture products according to individual sketches. The structure of metal tables is made of profiles, the fastening can be welded or prefabricated. The height of the table is adjustable with threaded legs, additional shelves or drawers provide convenient storage. Finished products are painted with powder polymer compositions.
Depending on the functional features, metal tables are made with reinforced tabletops based on steel sheets with a thickness of 1.5 millimeters. This allows you to work with a circular saw and place locksmith equipment on the table.
Manufacture of stainless steel tables
Stainless steel tables are used to equip kitchens, industrial premises and restaurants. Steel alloys tolerate frequent disinfection treatment with chemicals, temperature changes well. The structures are based on square pipes, substrates for countertops, which are covered with a galvanized sheet from below. The top half of the tabletop is processed with stainless steel sheets from 1 millimeter thick.
- resistant to regular exposure to aggressive environments;
- does not corrode.
Products do not have internal crystal defects, do not require special care, while looking aesthetically pleasing. The manufacture of tables begins with a measurement, which is carried out by the specialists developing the project. The stainless steel option is then selected. The nickel version is acid-resistant, the carbon-added version is used for products that are not in contact with moisture.
Production of metal frames for tables
Metal frames are the basis for creating office and industrial tables. Such designs guarantee the strength of the finished product, its resistance to mechanical stress. As a rule, such a frame is based on L-shaped supports, the connecting element is a front panel made of chipboard, MDF or glass. The metal elements are treated with powder paint, which gives the frame a pleasant appearance.
Metal frames are mass-produced, some companies offer custom design.
In the future, the frameworks are supplemented:
- boxes made of various materials.
Independent supports are widespread, which are used for conference tables, equipment for training centers and reception areas.
Production of folding tables
Folding tables made of various materials are in demand in the field of trade, tourism, sports for equipping comfortable zones in any conditions. Folding tables are based on a metal or wooden frame and a tabletop made of light plastic. The assembled design is compact and takes up a minimum amount of space, designed for frequent transfer from place to place.
Most often, such structures are not designed for heavy loads, while they tolerate temperature extremes, exposure to humidity, and intensive operation well. Folding furniture is made of polymer materials, functionality is the main priority of manufacturers.
Glass table production
The base of the glass table is a frame made of metal elements and a table top made of glass elements of various thicknesses. Depending on the design, there are computer, dining, coffee and coffee tables.
The decoration of finished furniture is carried out by sandblasting glass, which can be tempered, increased thickness, classic.
Manufacturers of glass tables work on individual projects, there is also a serial production according to established samples.
Unlike solid wood furniture, glass tables:
- unpretentious in care;
- look more modern;
- don't overload space.
Office table production
Manufacturers of desks and meeting tables for office premises are guided by the requirements for the organization of workplaces. Office furniture is heavily used and employees need to be comfortable in order to stay healthy in their daily work. The tabletops of office desks are spacious, quite often they are made reinforced to comfortably accommodate numerous office equipment.
The size and materials for office desks are chosen by each company depending on the available budget and features of the company's image. For example, the owners of modest companies prefer compact and affordable chipboard products. The owners of large companies often order tables made from natural materials; furniture branding is common.
Production of desks and computer tables
Such furniture is made to order; serial production according to predetermined samples is common. Desks are designed like dining tables, with storage space in the form of drawers, shelves or pull-out tables. For the manufacture of such tables, wood, plastic, chipboard or MDF sheets are used.
Computer tables are a more complex modification, which provides space for convenient placement of monitors, system units and wires. Most computer tables are collapsible, made of chipboard or MDF. The designs are distinguished by an additional section for placing the keyboard; more compact corner modifications are also popular. Tables with an add-on for disks and books are still in demand on the market.
Coffee table production
Such furniture is used in residential and office premises to provide comfort and additional storage space. The design of the coffee table is aesthetic, often at the expense of its functionality. Low and petite, these tables are made from glass, wood, stone and plastic. The tabletops are round in shape, decorative elements - carved legs, pattern on the surface, inlay.
Depending on the purpose, coffee tables can be equipped with additional storage shelves, and come complete with floor lamps. The shape of the tables is varied, the most common are round modifications that can be placed in the center of the room. The laconic design of the tables complements the classic interior, combined with minimalism and hi-tech styles.
Cutting tables for sewing industry
The worktop on furniture for sewing production is made reinforced to prevent it from bending during operation. Standard versions consist of a metal frame and a wide table top equipped with a recess for storing tailor's chalk and ruler. The updated designs are equipped with a movable conveyor belt, with the help of which pieces of fabric with patterns laid out on them move.
Convenience of work at the cutting table is provided by an air cushion and a heat-resistant coating of the table top, which provide comfortable ironing of finished parts and fast processing of fabric. Cutting table frames are made of reinforced metal profiles that can withstand bulky items made of leather, fur or dense fabric. Table models differ in size, materials and load capacity.
Operating tables made in Russia
Medical tables for operations should optimally fix the patient, provide access for the team of surgeons to his body. Depending on the specifics of operation, tables are divided into universal and specialized. The first type is equipped with transformation mechanisms, the second is suitable for carrying out only certain types of operations.
Operating tables are stationary and mobile, the first type is more massive, the work surface allows you to place the patient more comfortably. The tilt and height are adjusted mechanically or electrically. These tables are additionally equipped with devices for positioning the patient in various types of surgical intervention.
Billiard table production
Billiard tables combine functionality and decorative properties. The surface of the countertop is decorated with dense green or cherry-colored cloth, the frame is made of solid wood of valuable species. Billiard tables are decorated with carved legs, forged overlays, twisted suspensions. The sides of the table top are supplemented with rubber, the pockets are made of plastic, metal or wood. The furniture is designed for wealthy customers, so the tables are made from natural materials.
Production of tennis tables
Furniture for table tennis is created from laminated chipboard, based on a light metal frame. Legged castors make it easy to transport the table, its parts are lifted, there are completely prefabricated versions.
The surface of the tables is covered with a film or polymer material, which prolongs the life of the finished product. Manufacturers offer ready-made solutions in standard sizes, and a tennis table can be made to individual sizes.
Production of massage tables
Massage tables combine soft upholstery and a foldable design. Furniture for the massage room is regularly disinfected, so dense artificial materials are used for the upholstery.
Patient comfort is ensured by an adjustable incline level and additional restraints. Massage table manufacturers offer folding couches designed to relax the patient after the procedure.
Table production in Moscow and Moscow region
Furniture production in Moscow and the region is represented by a number of specialized factories.
Vista is a specialized manufacturer of tables and chairs in an affordable price segment. In the presence of a large range of coffee, dining and computer tables, custom-made possible.
Factory "Domoteka" - produces kitchen and dining tables and chairs.
Galleria Classic is a manufacturer of premium tables using Italian technology from natural materials. Retro design and modern production technologies will decorate any room.
"MebelEkonom" - manufactures tables on a metal frame and laminated chipboard in the economy segment.
More about the production of tables: wooden, metal, folding, glass, office; can be found at the annual Mebel exhibition.